Library

HIV Treatment Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale

Instrument: HIV treatment adherence self-efficacy scale Scoring: Included in article Reliability or validity: Johnson MO, Neilands TB, Dilworth SE, Morin SF, Remien RH, Chesney MA. The Role of Self-Efficacy in HIV Treatment Adherence: Validation of the HIV

Internet

How does the Internet affect HIV prevention? why the Internet? The Internet has become a remarkable social networking tool where people who once were unlikely to meet in the physical world are now only a few key strokes away. It is not surprising that many persons with access to the Internet have used it to find love, companionship and sex.1 In fact, using the Internet to find sexual partners is a widespread practice among men and women of all ages.

Metanfetamina

¿Cuál es el efecto del consumo de metanfetamina en la prevención del VIH? ¿qué es la metanfetamina? La metanfetamina (metanfeta meth en ingléstambién conocida como cristal, speed, Tina, hielo, tiza, vidrio) es un potente estimulante ilícito parecido a la anfetamina.

Mundial

¿Qué sirve mejor para la prevención mundial del VIH? ¿cuál es el cuadro internacional del VIH? Con más de 39 millones de personas viviendo con el VIH alrededor del mundo, la epidemia del VIH/SIDA es una amenaza para cada aspecto del desarrollo económico global.1,2 En 2005, más de 4 millones de personas contrajeron el VIH y casi 3 millones murieron de enfermedades relacionadas con el SIDA.2 El VIH/SIDA se ubica entre las primeras 10 causas de muerte en

Red Internet

¿Cómo afecta la red Internet en la prevención del VIH? ¿por qué Internet? Internet se ha convertido en una herramienta de conexión social que mediante unas pocas tecleadas une a personas que difícilmente se conocerían en el mundo físico.

Estigma

¿Cuál es el efecto del estigma en el tratamiento y prevención del VIH? ¿qué es el estigma del VIH/SIDA? El estigma relacionado con el VIH/SIDA es un concepto complejo que se refiere al prejuicio, la exclusión, el desprestigio y la discriminación dirigidos hacia personas percibidas como infectadas por el SIDA o el VIH, y también hacia sus parejas, amistades, familias y comunidades.1,2 Muchas veces el estigma del VIH/SIDA reafirma las desigualdades sociales basadas en

Educación sexual

¿Qué sirve mejor en la enseñanza sobre la sexualidad y el VIH? ¿por qué la enseñanza sobre la sexualidad y el VIH? Los programas educativos sobre la sexualidad y el VIH tienen varias metas: disminuir los embarazos no planeados, reducir las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS) incluyendo la del VIH y mejorar la salud sexual de los jóvenes.

Educación sexual

Los programas educativos sobre la sexualidad y el VIH tienen varias metas: disminuir los embarazos no planeados, reducir las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS) incluyendo la del VIH y mejorar la salud sexual de los jóvenes.

Methamphetamine

How does methamphetamine use affect HIV prevention? what is methamphetamine? Methamphetamine (meth, also called crystal, speed, Tina, ice, crank) is a powerful, illegal stimulant and is similar to amphetamine. It can be taken orally, snorted, smoked, injected and inserted rectally and can affect the user for several hours or more depending on how much is used.1 Meth is cheap, widely available and has a high potential for abuse and addiction.

Sex education

Sex and HIV education programs have multiple goals: to decrease unintended pregnancy, to decrease STDs including HIV and to improve sexual health among youth. In 2005, almost two-thirds (63%) of all high school seniors in the US had engaged in sex, yet only 21% of all female students used birth control pills before their last sex and only 70% of males used a condom during their last sexual intercourse.

Sex education

Sex and HIV education programs have multiple goals: to decrease unintended pregnancy, to decrease STDs including HIV and to improve sexual health among youth. In 2005, almost two-thirds (63%) of all high school seniors in the US had engaged in sex, yet only 21% of all female students used birth control pills before their last sex and only 70% of males used a condom during their last sexual intercourse.

Sex education

What works best in sex/HIV education? why sex/HIV education? Sex and HIV education programs have multiple goals: to decrease unintended pregnancy, to decrease STDs including HIV and to improve sexual health among youth.

Rural

What are rural HIV prevention needs? are rural populations at risk? Over the years, rural areas, which represent roughly 20% of the US population, have consistently reported 5-8% of all US HIV cases.1 Yet certain rural areas and populations are disproportionately affected—the South and African Americans in particular.

Rurales

¿Cuáles son las necesidades de prevención del VIH en zonas rurales? ¿corren riesgo las poblaciones rurales? Históricamente las áreas rurales, que representan el 20 % de la población de EE.UU., han reportado entre el 5 % y el 8 % de los casos de VIH en el país.1 Pero ciertas zonas y poblaciones rurales están desproporcionadamente afectadas: el Sur y los afroamericanos en particular.

Superinfección

¿Qué sabemos acerca de la superinfección por VIH? revisado 5/06

Superinfection

What do we know about HIV superinfection? revised 5/06

Seroconversion Narratives for AIDS Prevention (The SNAP Project)

As people are living longer and healthier lives with HIV, the risk of HIV transmission through unprotected sexual intercourse or sharing injection equipment continues to grow. While the general consensus is that most people who know they are HIV+ are careful to avoid transmitting the virus, it is estimated that one third of HIV+ gay/bisexual men continue to engage in unprotected sex.

Acute infection

What is the role of acute HIV infection in HIV prevention? What is acute infection? Acute HIV infection refers to the first stage of infection, the time immediately after a person is infected and before an antibody response to the infection develops. The second stage of infection is seroconversion, when a person develops HIV-specific antibodies.

Coping Self-Efficacy Scale

Instrument: Coping self-efficacy scale Scoring: See scoring information.  Reliability or validity: Chesney MA, Neilands TB, Chambers DB, Taylor JM, Folkman S.  A validity and reliability stu

Coping Self-Efficacy Scale - Scoring

The Coping Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES) is a 26-item measure of perceived self-efficacy for coping with challenges and threats.  The scale items were developed by several of the authors (Margaret Chesney, Susan Folkman, and Jonelle Taylor) by creating sample items based upon stress and coping theory and the Ways of Coping Questionnaire, with consultation from Dr. Albert Bandura of Stanford University.