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Educación sexual

¿Qué sirve mejor en la enseñanza sobre la sexualidad y el VIH? ¿por qué la enseñanza sobre la sexualidad y el VIH? Los programas educativos sobre la sexualidad y el VIH tienen varias metas: disminuir los embarazos no planeados, reducir las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS) incluyendo la del VIH y mejorar la salud sexual de los jóvenes.

Methamphetamine

How does methamphetamine use affect HIV prevention? what is methamphetamine? Methamphetamine (meth, also called crystal, speed, Tina, ice, crank) is a powerful, illegal stimulant and is similar to amphetamine. It can be taken orally, snorted, smoked, injected and inserted rectally and can affect the user for several hours or more depending on how much is used.1 Meth is cheap, widely available and has a high potential for abuse and addiction.

Sex education

What works best in sex/HIV education? why sex/HIV education? Sex and HIV education programs have multiple goals: to decrease unintended pregnancy, to decrease STDs including HIV and to improve sexual health among youth.

Sex education

Sex and HIV education programs have multiple goals: to decrease unintended pregnancy, to decrease STDs including HIV and to improve sexual health among youth. In 2005, almost two-thirds (63%) of all high school seniors in the US had engaged in sex, yet only 21% of all female students used birth control pills before their last sex and only 70% of males used a condom during their last sexual intercourse.

Sex education

Sex and HIV education programs have multiple goals: to decrease unintended pregnancy, to decrease STDs including HIV and to improve sexual health among youth. In 2005, almost two-thirds (63%) of all high school seniors in the US had engaged in sex, yet only 21% of all female students used birth control pills before their last sex and only 70% of males used a condom during their last sexual intercourse.

Rural

What are rural HIV prevention needs? are rural populations at risk? Over the years, rural areas, which represent roughly 20% of the US population, have consistently reported 5-8% of all US HIV cases.1 Yet certain rural areas and populations are disproportionately affected—the South and African Americans in particular.

Rurales

¿Cuáles son las necesidades de prevención del VIH en zonas rurales? ¿corren riesgo las poblaciones rurales? Históricamente las áreas rurales, que representan el 20 % de la población de EE.UU., han reportado entre el 5 % y el 8 % de los casos de VIH en el país.1 Pero ciertas zonas y poblaciones rurales están desproporcionadamente afectadas: el Sur y los afroamericanos en particular.

Superinfección

¿Qué sabemos acerca de la superinfección por VIH? revisado 5/06

Superinfection

What do we know about HIV superinfection? revised 5/06

Seroconversion Narratives for AIDS Prevention (The SNAP Project)

As people are living longer and healthier lives with HIV, the risk of HIV transmission through unprotected sexual intercourse or sharing injection equipment continues to grow. While the general consensus is that most people who know they are HIV+ are careful to avoid transmitting the virus, it is estimated that one third of HIV+ gay/bisexual men continue to engage in unprotected sex.

Acute infection

What is the role of acute HIV infection in HIV prevention? What is acute infection? Acute HIV infection refers to the first stage of infection, the time immediately after a person is infected and before an antibody response to the infection develops. The second stage of infection is seroconversion, when a person develops HIV-specific antibodies.

Coping Self-Efficacy Scale

Instrument: Coping self-efficacy scale Scoring: See scoring information.  Reliability or validity: Chesney MA, Neilands TB, Chambers DB, Taylor JM, Folkman S.  

Coping Self-Efficacy Scale - Scoring

The Coping Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES) is a 26-item measure of perceived self-efficacy for coping with challenges and threats.  The scale items were developed by several of the authors (Margaret Chesney, Susan Folkman, and Jonelle Taylor) by creating sample items based upon stress and coping theory and the Ways of Coping Questionnaire, with consultation from Dr. Albert Bandura of Stanford University.

Developing and Sustaining Community-Based Participatory Research Partnerships: A Skill-building Curriculum

First published in 2006, this curriculum is intended as a tool for use by community-institutional partnerships that are using or planning to use a CBPR approach to improving health. Over the years, we have incorporated feedback and updates into the curriculum. We welcome your comments and suggestions on the curriculum and encourage submissions of content to be incorporated into the curriculum.

Educación sexual

Los programas educativos sobre la sexualidad y el VIH tienen varias metas: disminuir los embarazos no planeados, reducir las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS) incluyendo la del VIH y mejorar la salud sexual de los jóvenes.

Infección aguda

¿Qué papel juega la infección aguda en la prevención del VIH? ¿qué es la infección aguda? El término infección aguda por VIH se refiere a la primera etapa de la infección, inmediatamente después de que una persona quede infectada y antes del desarrollo de una respuesta de los anticuerpos contra la infección. La segunda etapa de la infección es la seroconversión, cuando se forman anticuerpos específicos contra el VIH.

Personas VIH+

¿Cuáles son las necesidades de prevención de la gente VIH+? revisado 9/05 ¿necesitan prevenir las personas VIH+? Sí. Más de 1 millón de personas en los Estados Unidos tienen el VIH o el SIDA.1 Los avances en el diagnóstico oportuno, el tratamiento y la atención para individuos VIH+ ya permiten que muchos gocen de mejor salud y más años de vida.

Desamparados

¿Qué necesitan los desamparados para evitar el VIH? revisado 9/05 ¿quiénes son los desamparados? El desamparo es un problema creciente en EE.UU. donde cada día más de 800,000 personas están sin hogar.

Disclosure assistance (PCRS)

What is the role of disclosure assistance services in HIV prevention? why assistance for disclosure? After more than 20 years of the HIV epidemic, with advances in treatment and increases in understanding and acceptance of HIV, getting an HIV+ diagnosis still can be a traumatic experience. HIV+ persons must come to terms with their own infection and be concerned with possible infection in past and future partners.

Disclosure assistance (PCRS)

After more than 20 years of the HIV epidemic, with advances in treatment and increases in understanding and acceptance of HIV, getting an HIV+ diagnosis still can be a traumatic experience. HIV+ persons must come to terms with their own infection and be concerned with possible infection in past and future partners. Talking to partners about HIV is especially hard because even though it is a manageable disease, HIV still is not curable.