Black women and men in the US are hard hit by HIV, and have been since the beginning of the epidemic. In 2006, Black women accounted for 61% of new HIV cases among women, but make up only 12% of US female population. The rate of HIV diagnoses for Black women is 15 times the rate for White women. Black women also have high rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), which can facilitate transmission of HIV. Among Black women in 2006, the rate of chlamydia was 7 times higher, gonorrhea 14 times higher, and syphilis 16 times higher than the rate among White women. These numbers and statistics, however, don’t show the richness and diversity of Black women’s lives. Black women can be White collar and working class, Christians and Muslims. They live in inner-city and suburban neighborhoods, are the descendants of slaves and recent Caribbean immigrants. They work, go to school, raise families, fall in love. HIV among Black women is not simply about individual behavior, but a complex system of social, cultural, economic, geographic, religious and political factors that combine to affect health.