Carol Camlin, PhD MPH

Affiliated Faculty

I am a social demographer and behavioral scientist in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, with a secondary appointment in the Department of Medicine, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies. My research crosses the disciplines of population studies, sociology and behavioral sciences, and has focused on examining the impacts of human mobility on HIV prevention and care outcomes, and particularly the contribution of women’s mobility to HIV epidemics in southern and eastern Africa. I develop interventions to address the unmet needs of mobile populations, including the study "Self-Test Strategies and Linkage Incentives to Improve ART and PrEP Uptake in Men", which tests a social network intervention to improve the HIV prevention and care outcomes in a population of highly mobile men in a high priority setting (fishermen in Kenya). I also lead qualitative and mixed methods studies within several clinical trials and implementation studies in health systems and communities in sub-Saharan Africa, applying behavioral and social theory to the analysis of empirical data to ascertain implementation pathways. I have used qualitative methods to design and adapt interventions, and to better understand structural and cultural aspects of health services utilization.
Education
Postdoctoral Studies, 2010 - Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco
PhD, 2008 - Dept of HBHE, School of Public Health, University of Michigan
MPH, 1995 - Dept of HB, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
AB, 1987 - English, German, Oberlin College
Websites
Publications
  1. Miller AP, Appa A, Muyindike W, Fatch R, Kekibiina A, Beesiga B, Adong J, Emenyonu N, Marson K, Getahun M, Kamya M, Chamie G, Camlin CS, Hahn JA. A Qualitative Exploration of Intimate Partner Violence Among HIV/TB Coinfected Persons With Problematic Alcohol Use Participating in an Incentive-Based Alcohol/Medication Adherence Intervention in Uganda During COVID-19. Violence against women 2024. PMID: 38196278


  2. Clouse K, Noholoza S, Madwayi S, Mrubata M, Robbins NN, Camlin CS, Myer L, Phillips TK. Peripartum mobility and maternal/child separation among women living with HIV in South Africa. AIDS care 2024. PMID: 38176056


  3. Odokonyero RF, Fatch R, Emenyonu NI, Cheng DM, Ngabirano C, Adong J, Muyindike WR, Nakasujja N, Camlin CS, Kamya M, Hahn JA. The Relationship between Age at Initiation of Regular Drinking of Alcohol and Viral Suppression Status, and Depression Symptoms Among People Living with HIV in South-Western Uganda. AIDS and behavior 2023. PMID: 38060110


  4. Ayieko J, Balzer LB, Inviolata C, Kakande E, Opel F, Wafula EM, Kabami J, Owaraganise A, Mwangwa F, Nakato H, Bukusi EA, Camlin CS, Charlebois ED, Bacon MC, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Chamie G, SEARCH Study Team. Randomized Trial of a "Dynamic Choice" Patient-Centered Care Intervention for Mobile Persons With HIV in East Africa. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2023. PMID: 38054932


  5. Ayieko J, Charlebois ED, Maeri I, Owino L, Thorp M, Bukusi EA, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Camlin CS. Improving care engagement for mobile people living with HIV in rural western Kenya. PloS one 2023. PMID: 37992063


  6. Ayieko J, Thorp M, Getahun M, Gandhi M, Maeri I, Gutin SA, Okiring J, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED, Petersen M, Havlir DV, Camlin CS, Murnane PM. Geographic Mobility and HIV Care Engagement among People Living with HIV in Rural Kenya and Uganda. Tropical medicine and infectious disease 2023. PMID: 37999615


  7. Johnson-Peretz J, Chamie G, Kakande E, Christian C, Kamya MR, Akatukwasa C, Atwine F, Havlir DV, Camlin CS. Geographical, social, and political contexts of tuberculosis control and intervention, as reported by mid-level health managers in Uganda: 'The activity around town'. Social science & medicine (1982) 2023. PMID: 37944344


  8. Gichane MW, Camlin CS, Getahun M, Emenyonu N, Woolf-King S, Sanyu N, Katusiime A, Fatch R, Muyindike W, Hahn JA. Understanding Patients' Experiences with a Brief Alcohol Reduction Intervention among People Living with HIV in Uganda: A Qualitative Study. Substance use & misuse 2023. PMID: 37551890


  9. Ruel T, Mwangwa F, Balzer LB, Ayieko J, Nyabuti M, Mugoma WE, Kabami J, Kamugisha B, Black D, Nzarubara B, Opel F, Schrom J, Agengo G, Nakigudde J, Atuhaire HN, Schwab J, Peng J, Camlin C, Shade SB, Bukusi E, Kapogiannis BG, Charlebois E, Kamya MR, Havlir D. A multilevel health system intervention for virological suppression in adolescents and young adults living with HIV in rural Kenya and Uganda (SEARCH-Youth): a cluster randomised trial. The lancet. HIV 2023. PMID: 37541706


  10. Musanje K, Kamya MR, Kasujja R, Hooper N, Katahoire AR, White RG, Kimera E, Getahun M, Sinclair DL, Ojiambo D, Camlin CS. Acceptability of an adapted mindfulness and acceptance-based intervention to support adolescents with HIV: A qualitative study with Ugandan health care providers. Journal of contextual behavioral science 2023. PMID: 37519920


  11. Kabami J, Kakande E, Chamie G, Balzer LB, Petersen ML, Camlin CS, Nyabuti M, Koss CA, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Ayieko J. Uptake of a patient-centred dynamic choice model for HIV prevention in rural Kenya and Uganda: SEARCH SAPPHIRE study. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2023. PMID: 37408473


  12. Noholoza S, Phillips TK, Madwayi S, Mrubata M, Camlin CS, Myer L, Clouse K. Smartphone Ownership and Usage Among Pregnant Women Living With HIV in South Africa: Secondary Analysis of CareConekta Trial Data. JMIR formative research 2023. PMID: 37347521


  13. Clouse K, Noholoza S, Madwayi S, Mrubata M, Camlin CS, Myer L, Phillips TK. The Implementation of a GPS-Based Location-Tracking Smartphone App in South Africa to Improve Engagement in HIV Care: Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2023. PMID: 37204838


  14. Okorie CN, Gutin SA, Getahun M, Lebu SA, Okiring J, Neilands TB, Ssali S, Cohen CR, Maeri I, Eyul P, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED, Camlin CS. Sex specific differences in HIV status disclosure and care engagement among people living with HIV in rural communities in Kenya and Uganda. PLOS Global Public Health 2023. PMID: 37027350


  15. Geng EH, Odeny TA, Montoya LM, Iguna S, Kulzer JL, Adhiambo HF, Eshun-Wilson I, Akama E, Nyandieka E, Guzé MA, Shade S, Packel L, Fox B, Camlin C, Thirumurthy H, Lyons C, Bukusi EA, Petersen ML. Adaptive Strategies for Retention in Care among Persons Living with HIV. NEJM Evidence 2023. PMID: 38143482


  16. Musanje K, Camlin CS, Kamya MR, Vanderplasschen W, Louise Sinclair D, Getahun M, Kirabo H, Nangendo J, Kiweewa J, White RG, Kasujja R. Culturally adapting a mindfulness and acceptance-based intervention to support the mental health of adolescents on antiretroviral therapy in Uganda. PLOS Global Public Health 2023. PMID: 36963093


  17. Thorp M, Ayieko J, Hoffman RM, Balakasi K, Camlin CS, Dovel K. Mobility and HIV care engagement: a research agenda. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2023. PMID: 36943731


  18. Epstein A, Harris OO, Benmarhnia T, Camlin CS, Weiser SD. Do precipitation anomalies influence short-term mobility in sub-saharan Africa? An observational study from 23 countries. BMC public health 2023. PMID: 36814247


  19. Hahn JA, Fatch R, Emenyonu NI, Sanyu N, Katusiime A, Levine B, John Boscardin W, Chander G, Hutton H, Camlin CS, Woolf-King SE, Muyindike WR. Effect of two counseling interventions on self-reported alcohol consumption, alcohol biomarker phosphatidylethanol (PEth), and viral suppression among persons living with HIV (PWH) with unhealthy alcohol use in Uganda: A randomized controlled trial. Drug and alcohol dependence 2023. PMID: 36706675


  20. Egbe TI, Omollo OD, Wesonga JO, Bair EF, Chakrabarti A, Putt ME, Celum CL, Camlin CS, Napierala S, Agot K, Thirumurthy H. A savings intervention to reduce men's engagement in HIV risk behaviors: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2022. PMID: 36527120


  21. Clouse K, Noholoza S, Ngcobo N, Madwayi S, Mrubata M, Camlin CS, Myer L, Phillips TK. Cohort profile: CareConekta: a pilot study of a smartphone application to improve engagement in postpartum HIV care in South Africa. BMJ open 2022. PMID: 36414286


  22. Gutin SA, Neilands TB, Charlebois ED, Getahun M, Okiring J, Akullian A, Maeri I, Eyul P, Ssali S, Cohen CR, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Camlin CS. Mobility is Associated with Higher-risk Sexual Partnerships Among Both Men and Women in Co-resident Couples in Rural Kenya and Uganda: A Longitudinal Cohort Study. AIDS and behavior 2022. PMID: 36318427


  23. Maeri I, Eyul P, Getahun M, Hatchett K, Owino L, Akatukwasa C, Itiakorit H, Gutin SA, Johnson-Peretz J, Ssali S, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Charlebois ED, Camlin CS. Nothing about us without us: Community-based participatory research to improve HIV care for mobile patients in Kenya and Uganda. Social science & medicine (1982) 2022. PMID: 36628879


  24. Camlin CS, Getahun M, Koss CA, Owino L, Akatukwasa C, Itiakorit H, Onyango A, Bakanoma R, Atwine F, Maeri I, Ayieko J, Atukunda M, Owaraganise A, Mwangwa F, Sang N, Kabami J, Kaplan RL, Chamie G, Petersen ML, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Charlebois ED. Providers' Attitudes and Experiences with Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Implementation in a Population-Based Study in Kenya and Uganda. AIDS patient care and STDs 2022. PMID: 36201226


  25. Comfort AB, El Ayadi AM, Camlin CS, Tsai AC, Nalubwama H, Byamugisha J, Walker DM, Moody J, Roberts T, Senoga U, Krezanoski PJ, Harper CC. The role of informational support from women's social networks on antenatal care initiation: qualitative evidence from pregnant women in Uganda. BMC pregnancy and childbirth 2022. PMID: 36114484


  26. Lee JK, Gutin SA, Getahun M, Okiring J, Neilands TB, Akullian A, Ssali S, Cohen CR, Maeri I, Eyul P, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED, Camlin CS. Condom, modern contraceptive, and dual method use are associated with HIV status and relationship concurrency in a context of high mobility: A cross-sectional study of women of reproductive age in rural Kenya and Uganda, 2016. Contraception 2022. PMID: 36115610


  27. Kakande E, Christian C, Balzer LB, Owaraganise A, Nugent JR, DiIeso W, Rast D, Kabami J, Johnson Peretz J, Camlin CS, Shade SB, Geng EH, Kwarisiima D, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Chamie G. A mid-level health manager intervention to promote uptake of isoniazid preventive therapy among people with HIV in Uganda: a cluster randomised trial. The lancet. HIV 2022. PMID: 35908553


  28. Johnson-Peretz J, Lebu S, Akatukwasa C, Getahun M, Ruel T, Lee J, Ayieko J, Mwangwa F, Owino L, Onyango A, Maeri I, Atwine F, Charlebois ED, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Camlin CS. "I was still very young": agency, stigma and HIV care strategies at school, baseline results of a qualitative study among youth in rural Kenya and Uganda. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2022. PMID: 35818888


  29. Camlin CS, Marson K, Ndyabakira A, Getahun M, Emperador D, Byamukama A, Kwarisiima D, Thirumurthy H, Chamie G. Understanding the role of incentives for achieving and sustaining viral suppression: A qualitative sub-study of a financial incentives trial in Uganda. PloS one 2022. PMID: 35749510


  30. Sheira LA, Kwena ZA, Charlebois ED, Agot K, Ayieko B, Gandhi M, Bukusi EA, Thirumurthy H, Camlin CS. Testing a social network approach to promote HIV self-testing and linkage to care among fishermen at Lake Victoria: study protocol for the Owete cluster randomized controlled trial. "HIV within the House Ball Community and the Promise of Community-based Social Structures for Intervention and Support" 2022. PMID: 35668499


  31. Alexander SM, Agaba A, Campbell JI, Nambogo N, Camlin CS, Johnson M, Dorsey G, Olson KR, Bangsberg DR, Carroll RW, Santorino D, Krezanoski PJ. A qualitative study of the acceptability of remote electronic bednet use monitoring in Uganda. BMC public health 2022. PMID: 35590303


  32. Okiring J, Getahun M, Gutin SA, Lebu S, Lee J, Maeri I, Eyul P, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Neilands TB, Ssali S, Charlebois ED, Camlin CS. Sexual partnership concurrency and age disparities associated with sexually transmitted infection (STI) and risk behavior in rural communities in Kenya and Uganda. "HIV within the House Ball Community and the Promise of Community-based Social Structures for Intervention and Support" 2022. PMID: 35472527


  33. Murnane PM, Gandhi M, Bacchetti P, Getahun M, Gutin SA, Okochi H, Maeri I, Eyul P, Omoding D, Okiring J, Tallerico R, Louie A, Akullian A, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED, Camlin CS. Distinct forms of migration and mobility are differentially associated with HIV treatment adherence. "HIV within the House Ball Community and the Promise of Community-based Social Structures for Intervention and Support" 2022. PMID: 35652674


  34. Iguna S, Getahun M, Lewis-Kulzer J, Odhiambo G, Adhiambo F, Montoya L, Petersen ML, Bukusi E, Odeny T, Geng E, Camlin CS. Attitudes towards and experiences with economic incentives for engagement in HIV care and treatment: Qualitative insights from a randomized trial in Kenya. PLOS Global Public Health 2022. PMID: 36962322


  35. Sarah Iguna, Monica Getahun, Jayne Lewis-Kulzer, Gladys Odhiambo, Fridah Adhiambo, Lina Montoya, Maya L. Petersen, Elizabeth Bukusi, Thomas Odeny, Elvin Geng, Carol S. Camlin. Attitudes towards and experiences with economic incentives for engagement in HIV care and treatment: Qualitative insights from a randomized trial in Kenya. PLOS Global Public Health 2022. PMID:


  36. Hickey MD, Ayieko J, Owaraganise A, Sim N, Balzer LB, Kabami J, Atukunda M, Opel FJ, Wafula E, Nyabuti M, Brown L, Chamie G, Jain V, Peng J, Kwarisiima D, Camlin CS, Charlebois ED, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Havlir DV. Effect of a patient-centered hypertension delivery strategy on all-cause mortality: Secondary analysis of SEARCH, a community-randomized trial in rural Kenya and Uganda. PLoS medicine 2021. PMID: 34543267


  37. Nutor JJ, Agbadi P, Hoffmann TJ, Anguyo G, Camlin CS. Examining the relationship between interpersonal support and retention in HIV care among HIV+ nursing mothers in Uganda. BMC research notes 2021. PMID: 34082834


  38. Lodi S, Emenyonu NI, Marson K, Kwarisiima D, Fatch R, McDonell MG, Cheng DM, Thirumurthy H, Gandhi M, Camlin CS, Muyindike WR, Hahn JA, Chamie G. The Drinkers' Intervention to Prevent Tuberculosis (DIPT) trial among heavy drinkers living with HIV in Uganda: study protocol of a 2×2 factorial trial. Trials 2021. PMID: 34016158


  39. Akatukwasa C, Getahun M, El Ayadi AM, Namanya J, Maeri I, Itiakorit H, Owino L, Sanyu N, Kabami J, Ssemmondo E, Sang N, Kwarisiima D, Petersen ML, Charlebois ED, Chamie G, Clark TD, Cohen CR, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Havlir DV, Camlin CS. Dimensions of HIV-related stigma in rural communities in Kenya and Uganda at the start of a large HIV 'test and treat' trial. PloS one 2021. PMID: 33999961


  40. Chamie G, Kwarisiima D, Ndyabakira A, Marson K, Camlin CS, Havlir DV, Kamya MR, Thirumurthy H. Financial incentives and deposit contracts to promote HIV retesting in Uganda: A randomized trial. PLoS medicine 2021. PMID: 33945526


  41. Leddy AM, Hahn JA, Getahun M, Emenyonu NI, Woolf-King SE, Sanyu N, Katusiime A, Fatch R, Chander G, Hutton HE, Muyindike WR, Camlin CS. Cultural Adaptation of an Intervention to Reduce Hazardous Alcohol Use Among People Living with HIV in Southwestern Uganda. AIDS and behavior 2021. PMID: 33590322


  42. Koss CA, Havlir DV, Ayieko J, Kwarisiima D, Kabami J, Chamie G, Atukunda M, Mwinike Y, Mwangwa F, Owaraganise A, Peng J, Olilo W, Snyman K, Awuonda B, Clark TD, Black D, Nugent J, Brown LB, Marquez C, Okochi H, Zhang K, Camlin CS, Jain V, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Balzer LB. HIV incidence after pre-exposure prophylaxis initiation among women and men at elevated HIV risk: A population-based study in rural Kenya and Uganda. PLoS medicine 2021. PMID: 33561143


  43. Nyabuti MN, Petersen ML, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Mwangwa F, Kabami J, Sang N, Charlebois ED, Balzer LB, Schwab JD, Camlin CS, Black D, Clark TD, Chamie G, Havlir DV, Ayieko J. Characteristics of HIV seroconverters in the setting of universal test and treat: Results from the SEARCH trial in rural Uganda and Kenya. PloS one 2021. PMID: 33544717


  44. Mwangwa F, Getahun M, Itiakorit H, Jain V, Ayieko J, Owino L, Akatukwasa C, Maeri I, Koss CA, Chamie G, Clark TD, Kabami J, Atukunda M, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Cohen CR, Charlebois ED, Havlir DV, Camlin CS. Provider and Patient Perspectives of Rapid ART Initiation and Streamlined HIV Care: Qualitative Insights From Eastern African Communities. "HIV within the House Ball Community and the Promise of Community-based Social Structures for Intervention and Support" 2021. PMID: 34841945


  45. Hickey MD, Ayieko J, Kwarisiima D, Opel FJ, Owaraganise A, Balzer LB, Chamie G, Jain V, Peng J, Camlin C, Charlebois ED, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Havlir DV. Improved Viral Suppression with Streamlined Care in the SEARCH Study. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2020. PMID: 32991337


  46. Balzer LB, Havlir DV, Kamya MR, Chamie G, Charlebois ED, Clark TD, Koss CA, Kwarisiima D, Ayieko J, Sang N, Kabami J, Atukunda M, Jain V, Camlin CS, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, van der Laan M, Petersen ML. Machine learning to identify persons at high-risk of HIV acquisition in rural Kenya and Uganda. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2019. PMID: 31697383


  47. Camlin CS, Charlebois ED, Getahun M, Akatukwasa C, Atwine F, Itiakorit H, Bakanoma R, Maeri I, Owino L, Onyango A, Chamie G, Clark TD, Cohen CR, Kwarisiima D, Kabami J, Sang N, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Petersen ML, V Havlir D. Pathways for reduction of HIV-related stigma: a model derived from longitudinal qualitative research in Kenya and Uganda. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2020. PMID: 33283986


  48. Marson K, Ndyabakira A, Kwarisiima D, Camlin CS, Kamya MR, Havlir D, Thirumurthy H, Chamie G. HIV retesting and risk behaviors among high-risk, HIV-uninfected adults in Uganda. AIDS care 2020. PMID: 33172300


  49. Gitahi N, Camlin C, Mwania V, Ngure K, Auerswald C, Bukusi E. Psychosocial needs among older perinatally infected adolescents living with HIV and transitioning to adult care in Kenya. PloS one 2020. PMID: 32726306


  50. Camlin CS, Koss CA, Getahun M, Owino L, Itiakorit H, Akatukwasa C, Maeri I, Bakanoma R, Onyango A, Atwine F, Ayieko J, Kabami J, Mwangwa F, Atukunda M, Owaraganise A, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Cohen CR, Charlebois ED, Havlir DV. Understanding Demand for PrEP and Early Experiences of PrEP Use Among Young Adults in Rural Kenya and Uganda: A Qualitative Study. AIDS and behavior 2020. PMID: 31955361


  51. Clouse K, Phillips TK, Camlin C, Noholoza S, Mogoba P, Naidoo J, Langford R, Weiss M, Seebregts CJ, Myer L. CareConekta: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a mobile health intervention to improve engagement in postpartum HIV care in South Africa. Trials 2020. PMID: 32164771


  52. Koss CA, Charlebois ED, Ayieko J, Kwarisiima D, Kabami J, Balzer LB, Atukunda M, Mwangwa F, Peng J, Mwinike Y, Owaraganise A, Chamie G, Jain V, Sang N, Olilo W, Brown LB, Marquez C, Zhang K, Ruel TD, Camlin CS, Rooney JF, Black D, Clark TD, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV. Uptake, engagement, and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis offered after population HIV testing in rural Kenya and Uganda: 72-week interim analysis of observational data from the SEARCH study. The lancet. HIV 2020. PMID: 32087152


  53. Brown LB, Balzer LB, Kabami J, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Ayieko J, Chen Y, Chamie G, Charlebois ED, Camlin CS, Cohen CR, Bukusi E, Kamya MR, Moody J, Havlir DV, Petersen ML. The Influence of Social Networks on Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Among HIV-Infected Antiretroviral Therapy-Naive Youth in Rural Kenya and Uganda. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2020. PMID: 31809357


  54. Ndyabakira A, Getahun M, Byamukama A, Emperador D, Kabageni S, Marson K, Kwarisiima D, Chamie G, Thirumurthy H, Havlir D, Kamya MR, Camlin CS. Leveraging incentives to increase HIV testing uptake among men: qualitative insights from rural Uganda. BMC public health 2019. PMID: 31888589


  55. Havlir DV, Balzer LB, Charlebois ED, Clark TD, Kwarisiima D, Ayieko J, Kabami J, Sang N, Liegler T, Chamie G, Camlin CS, Jain V, Kadede K, Atukunda M, Ruel T, Shade SB, Ssemmondo E, Byonanebye DM, Mwangwa F, Owaraganise A, Olilo W, Black D, Snyman K, Burger R, Getahun M, Achando J, Awuonda B, Nakato H, Kironde J, Okiror S, Thirumurthy H, Koss C, Brown L, Marquez C, Schwab J, Lavoy G, Plenty A, Mugoma Wafula E, Omanya P, Chen YH, Rooney JF, Bacon M, van der Laan M, Cohen CR, Bukusi E, Kamya MR, Petersen M. HIV Testing and Treatment with the Use of a Community Health Approach in Rural Africa. The New England journal of medicine 2019. PMID: 31314966


  56. Camlin CS, Akullian A, Neilands TB, Getahun M, Bershteyn A, Ssali S, Geng E, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Maeri I, Eyul P, Petersen ML, Havlir DV, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED. Gendered dimensions of population mobility associated with HIV across three epidemics in rural Eastern Africa. Health & place 2019. PMID: 31152972


  57. Brown LB, Getahun M, Ayieko J, Kwarisiima D, Owaraganise A, Atukunda M, Olilo W, Clark T, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Charlebois ED, Havlir DV, Camlin CS. Factors predictive of successful retention in care among HIV-infected men in a universal test-and-treat setting in Uganda and Kenya: A mixed methods analysis. PloS one 2019. PMID: 30673744


  58. Koss CA, Ayieko J, Mwangwa F, Owaraganise A, Kwarisiima D, Balzer LB, Plenty A, Sang N, Kabami J, Ruel TD, Black D, Camlin CS, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Clark TD, Charlebois ED, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV. Early Adopters of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Preexposure Prophylaxis in a Population-based Combination Prevention Study in Rural Kenya and Uganda. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2018. PMID: 29741594


  59. Camlin CS, Seeley J. Qualitative research on community experiences in large HIV research trials: what have we learned? Journal of the International AIDS Society 2018. PMID: 30334379


  60. Ayieko J, Brown L, Anthierens S, Van Rie A, Getahun M, Charlebois ED, Petersen ML, Clark TD, Kamya MR, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Havlir DV, Camlin CS. "Hurdles on the path to 90-90-90 and beyond": Qualitative analysis of barriers to engagement in HIV care among individuals in rural East Africa in the context of test-and-treat. PloS one 2018. PMID: 30161172


  61. Chamie G, Schaffer EM, Ndyabakira A, Emperador DM, Kwarisiima D, Camlin CS, Havlir DV, Kahn JG, Kamya MR, Thirumurthy H. Comparative effectiveness of novel nonmonetary incentives to promote HIV testing. AIDS (London, England) 2018. PMID: 29683850


  62. Camlin CS, Cassels S, Seeley J. Bringing population mobility into focus to achieve HIV prevention goals. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2018. PMID: 30027588


  63. Cassels S, Camlin CS, Seeley J. One step ahead: timing and sexual networks in population mobility and HIV prevention and care. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2018. PMID: 30027553


  64. Camlin CS, Akullian A, Neilands TB, Getahun M, Eyul P, Maeri I, Ssali S, Geng E, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Kamya MR, Odeny T, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED. Population mobility associated with higher risk sexual behaviour in eastern African communities participating in a Universal Testing and Treatment trial. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2018. PMID: 30027668


  65. Leidich A, Achiro L, Kwena ZA, McFarland W, Neilands TB, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Camlin CS. Methods for sampling geographically mobile female traders in an East African market setting. PloS one 2018. PMID: 29324780


  66. Camlin CS, Charlebois ED, Geng E, Semitala F, Wallenta J, Getahun M, Kampiire L, Bukusi EA, Sang N, Kwarisiima D, Clark TD, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV. Redemption of the "spoiled identity:" the role of HIV-positive individuals in HIV care cascade interventions. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2017. PMID: 29210185


  67. Semitala FC, Camlin CS, Wallenta J, Kampiire L, Katuramu R, Amanyire G, Namusobya J, Chang W, Kahn JG, Charlebois ED, Havlir DV, Kamya MR, Geng EH. Understanding uptake of an intervention to accelerate antiretroviral therapy initiation in Uganda via qualitative inquiry. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2017. PMID: 29206357


  68. Akullian A, Bershteyn A, Jewell B, Camlin CS. The missing 27. AIDS (London, England) 2017. PMID: 28926401


  69. Camlin CS, El Ayadi AM, Kwena ZA, McFarland W, Johnson MO, Neilands TB, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. High Mobility and HIV Prevalence Among Female Market Traders in East Africa in 2014. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2017. PMID: 27875361


  70. Amanyire G, Semitala FC, Namusobya J, Katuramu R, Kampiire L, Wallenta J, Charlebois E, Camlin C, Kahn J, Chang W, Glidden D, Kamya M, Havlir D, Geng E. Effects of a multicomponent intervention to streamline initiation of antiretroviral therapy in Africa: a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial. The lancet. HIV 2016. PMID: 27658873


  71. Cassels S, Camlin CS. Geographical mobility and heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic. The lancet. HIV 2016. PMID: 27470023


  72. Camlin CS, Seeley J, Viljoen L, Vernooij E, Simwinga M, Reynolds L, Reis R, Plank R, Orne-Gliemann J, McGrath N, Larmarange J, Hoddinott G, Getahun M, Charlebois ED, Bond V. Strengthening universal HIV 'test-and-treat' approaches with social science research. AIDS (London, England) 2016. PMID: 26959355


  73. Camlin CS, Neilands TB, Odeny TA, Lyamuya R, Nakiwogga-Muwanga A, Diero L, Bwana M, Braitstein P, Somi G, Kambugu A, Bukusi EA, Glidden DV, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Wenger M, Geng EH. Patient-reported factors associated with reengagement among HIV-infected patients disengaged from care in East Africa. AIDS (London, England) 2016. PMID: 26765940


  74. Maeri I, El Ayadi A, Getahun M, Charlebois E, Akatukwasa C, Tumwebaze D, Itiakorit H, Owino L, Kwarisiima D, Ssemmondo E, Sang N, Kabami J, Clark TD, Petersen M, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya M, Havlir D, Camlin CS. "How can I tell?" Consequences of HIV status disclosure among couples in eastern African communities in the context of an ongoing HIV "test-and-treat" trial. AIDS care 2016. PMID: 27421052


  75. Thirumurthy H, Jakubowski A, Camlin C, Kabami J, Ssemmondo E, Elly A, Mwai D, Clark T, Cohen C, Bukusi E, Kamya M, Petersen M, Havlir D, Charlebois ED. Expectations about future health and longevity in Kenyan and Ugandan communities receiving a universal test-and-treat intervention in the SEARCH trial. AIDS care 2016. PMID: 27421056


  76. Camlin CS, Ssemmondo E, Chamie G, El Ayadi AM, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Kabami J, Charlebois E, Petersen M, Clark TD, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, R Kamya M, Havlir D. Men "missing" from population-based HIV testing: insights from qualitative research. AIDS care 2016. PMID: 27421053


  77. Kathryn J. Fiorella, Carol S. Camlin, Charles R. Salmen, Ruth Omondi, Matthew D. Hickey, Dan O. Omollo, Erin M. Milner, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Lia C.H. Fernald, Justin S. Brashares. Transactional Fish-for-Sex Relationships Amid Declining Fish Access in Kenya. World Development 2015. PMID:


  78. Turan JM, Hatcher AM, Romito P, Mangone E, Durojaiye M, Odero M, Camlin CS.. Intimate partner violence and forced migration during pregnancy: Structural constraints to women's agency Global Public Health 2015. PMID:


  79. Turan JM, Hatcher AM, Romito P, Mangone E, Durojaiye M, Odero M, Camlin CS. Intimate partner violence and forced migration during pregnancy: Structural constraints to women's agency. Global Public Health 2015. PMID: 25996287


  80. Kathryn Fiorella, Carol Camlin, Charles Salmen, Ruth Omondi, Matthew Hickey, Dan Omollo, Erin Milner, Justin Brashares. Natural Resources and Food Security: Fish-for-Sex Relationships Around Lake Victoria, Kenya. The FASEB Journal 2015. PMID:


  81. Syvertsen JL, Agot K, Ohaga S, Strathdee SA, Camlin CS, Omanga E, Odonde P, Rota G, Akoth K, Peng J, Wagner KD. Evidence of injection drug use in Kisumu, Kenya: Implications for HIV prevention. Drug and alcohol dependence 2015. PMID: 25861945


  82. Fiorella K.J., Camlin, C.S, Salmen C.R., Omondi R., Hickey M.D., Omollo D.O., Bukusi E.A., Fernald L.H., Brashares J.S.. Transactional Fish-for-Sex Relationships Amid Declining Fish Access in Kenya World Development 2015. PMID:


  83. Odeny TA, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Yuhas K, Camlin CS, McClelland RS. Texting improves testing: a randomized trial of two-way SMS to increase postpartum prevention of mother-to-child transmission retention and infant HIV testing. AIDS (London, England) 2014. PMID: 25313586


  84. Camlin CS, Snow RC, Hosegood V. Gendered Patterns of Migration in Rural South Africa. Population, space and place 2014. PMID: 25332690


  85. Kwena Z, Mwanzo I, Shisanya C, Camlin C, Turan J, Achiro L, Bukusi E. Predictors of extra-marital partnerships among women married to fishermen along Lake Victoria in Kisumu County, Kenya. PloS one 2014. PMID: 24747951


  86. Camlin CS, Kwena ZA, Dworkin SL, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA. "She mixes her business": HIV transmission and acquisition risks among female migrants in western Kenya. Social science & medicine (1982) 2013. PMID: 24565152


  87. Camlin CS, Kwena ZA, Dworkin SL. Jaboya vs. jakambi: Status, negotiation, and HIV risks among female migrants in the "sex for fish" economy in Nyanza Province, Kenya. AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education 2013. PMID: 23631716


  88. Kwena ZA, Camlin CS, Shisanya CA, Mwanzo I, Bukusi EA. Short-term mobility and the risk of HIV infection among married couples in the fishing communities along Lake Victoria, Kenya. PloS one 2013. PMID: 23336005


  89. Fathalla MM, Youssif MM, Meyer C, Camlin C, Turan J, Morris J, Butrick E, Miller S. Nonatonic obstetric haemorrhage: effectiveness of the nonpneumatic antishock garment in egypt. ISRN obstetrics and gynecology 2011. PMID: 21845226


  90. O Ojengbede, H Galadanci, IO Morhason-Bello, D Nsima, C Camlin, JL Morris, E Butrick, C Meyer, Aminu I Mohammed, S Miller. The non-pneumatic anti-shock garment for postpartum haemorrhage in nigeria. African Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health 2011. PMID:


  91. Jessica Morris, Carinne Meyer, Suellen Miller, Mohamed MF Fathalla, Tarek K Al-Hussaini, Mohammed M Youssif, Carol Camlin. Treating uterine atony with the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment in Egypt. African Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health 2011. PMID:


  92. Turan J, Ojengbede O, Fathalla M, Mourad-Youssif M, Morhason-Bello IO, Nsima D, Morris J, Butrick E, Martin H, Camlin C, Miller S. Positive effects of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment on delays in accessing care for postpartum and postabortion hemorrhage in Egypt and Nigeria. Journal of women's health (2002) 2010. PMID: 21190486


  93. Ojengbede OA, Morhason-Bello IO, Galadanci H, Meyer C, Nsima D, Camlin C, Butrick E, Miller S. Assessing the role of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment in reducing mortality from postpartum hemorrhage in Nigeria. Gynecologic and obstetric investigation 2010. PMID: 21160197


  94. Miller S, Fathalla MM, Ojengbede OA, Camlin C, Mourad-Youssif M, Morhason-Bello IO, Galadanci H, Nsima D, Butrick E, Al Hussaini T, Turan J, Meyer C, Martin H, Mohammed AI. Obstetric hemorrhage and shock management: using the low technology Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment in Nigerian and Egyptian tertiary care facilities. BMC pregnancy and childbirth 2010. PMID: 20955600


  95. Mourad-Youssif M, Ojengbede OA, Meyer CD, Fathalla M, Morhason-Bello IO, Galadanci H, Camlin C, Nsima D, Al Hussaini T, Butrick E, Miller S. Can the Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) reduce adverse maternal outcomes from postpartum hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria. Reproductive health 2010. PMID: 20809942


  96. Camlin CS, Hosegood V, Newell ML, McGrath N, Bärnighausen T, Snow RC. Gender, migration and HIV in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. PloS one 2010. PMID: 20634965


  97. Miller S, Fathalla MM, Youssif MM, Turan J, Camlin C, Al-Hussaini TK, Butrick E, Meyer C. A comparative study of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment for the treatment of obstetric hemorrhage in Egypt. International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 2010. PMID: 20096836


  98. S. Miller, M. Mourad-Youssif, M. Fathalla, T. Al-Hussaini, C. Meyer, C. Camlin, E. Butrick, S. Ismail. O614 Non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG) reduces extreme adverse outcomes from obstetric hemorrhage and shock in Egyptian hospitals. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 2009. PMID:


  99. M. Mourad-Youssif, M. Fathalla, T. Al-Hussaini, H. Martin, J. Turan, R. Mitchell, C. Camlin, S. Miller. O641 Treatment with non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG) improves outcomes for women with PPH/uterine atony in Egyptian referral facilities. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 2009. PMID:


  100. Camlin CS, Snow RC. Parental investment, club membership, and youth sexual risk behavior in Cape Town. Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education 2008. PMID: 18375613


  101. Diana Lara, Sandra G. García, Charlotte Ellertson, Carol Camlin, Javier Suárez. The Measure of Induced Abortion Levels in Mexico Using Random Response Technique. Sociological Methods & Research 2006. PMID:


  102. Camlin CS, Garenne M, Moultrie TA. Fertility trend and pattern in a rural area of South Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS. African journal of reproductive health 2004. PMID: 15623117


  103. Camlin CS, Chimbwete CE. Does knowing someone with AIDS affect condom use? An analysis from South Africa. AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education 2003. PMID: 12866835


  104. Bray RM, Camlin CS, Fairbank JA, Dunteman GH, Wheeless SC. The Effects of Stress on Job Functioning of Military Men and Women. Armed forces and society 2001. PMID: 20543977


  105. Bailey SL, Camlin CS, Ennett ST. Substance use and risky sexual behavior among homeless and runaway youth. The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine 1998. PMID: 9870332