Carol Camlin, PhD

Associate Professor

I am a social demographer and behavioral scientist in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, with a joint appointment in the Department of Medicine, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies at UCSF. Collectively, my research program crosses the disciplines of population studies, sociology and behavioral sciences, and has focused on examining the impacts of population mobility on HIV prevention and care outcomes. I have conducted several studies examining, in particular, the overlooked contribution of women’s mobility to the sustained HIV epidemics in southern and eastern Africa. I am Principal Investigator of the study “Understanding mobility and risk in SEARCH communities”, which examines the impact of population mobility on HIV transmission dynamics and care cascade outcomes in 12 communities participating in the Sustainable East Africa Research in Community Health (SEARCH) trial. I also lead as co-PI the study "Self-Test Strategies and Linkage Incentives to Improve ART and PrEP Uptake in Men", which tests a combination intervention to improve the HIV prevention and care cascades in a population of highly mobile men in a high priority setting (fishermen in Kenya). I contribute expertise in applying mixed methods approaches and behavioral and social theory within HIV intervention and implementation studies as Investigator of several randomized controlled trials in health systems and communities in sub-Saharan Africa. I have used qualitative research methods to design mHealth interventions in Kenya and Uganda, and have conducted research on structural and cultural aspects of health services utilization and other behaviors among HIV-infected patients in the region.
Postdoctoral Studies, 2010 - Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco
PhD, 2008 - Dept of HBHE, School of Public Health, University of Michigan
MPH, 1995 - Dept of HB, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
AB, 1987 - English, German, Oberlin College
  1. Improved Viral Suppression with Streamlined Care in the SEARCH Study.
  2. Machine learning to identify persons at high-risk of HIV acquisition in rural Kenya and Uganda.
  3. Pathways for reduction of HIV-related stigma: a model derived from longitudinal qualitative research in Kenya and Uganda.
  4. HIV retesting and risk behaviors among high-risk, HIV-uninfected adults in Uganda.
  5. Psychosocial needs among older perinatally infected adolescents living with HIV and transitioning to adult care in Kenya.
  6. Understanding Demand for PrEP and Early Experiences of PrEP Use Among Young Adults in Rural Kenya and Uganda: A Qualitative Study.
  7. CareConekta: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a mobile health intervention to improve engagement in postpartum HIV care in South Africa.
  8. Uptake, engagement, and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis offered after population HIV testing in rural Kenya and Uganda: 72-week interim analysis of observational data from the SEARCH study.
  9. The Influence of Social Networks on Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Among HIV-Infected Antiretroviral Therapy-Naive Youth in Rural Kenya and Uganda.
  10. Leveraging incentives to increase HIV testing uptake among men: qualitative insights from rural Uganda.
  11. Mobility and its Effects on HIV Acquisition and Treatment Engagement: Recent Theoretical and Empirical Advances.
  12. HIV Testing and Treatment with the Use of a Community Health Approach in Rural Africa.
  13. Gendered dimensions of population mobility associated with HIV across three epidemics in rural Eastern Africa.
  14. Factors predictive of successful retention in care among HIV-infected men in a universal test-and-treat setting in Uganda and Kenya: A mixed methods analysis.
  15. Early Adopters of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Preexposure Prophylaxis in a Population-based Combination Prevention Study in Rural Kenya and Uganda.
  16. Qualitative research on community experiences in large HIV research trials: what have we learned?
  17. "Hurdles on the path to 90-90-90 and beyond": Qualitative analysis of barriers to engagement in HIV care among individuals in rural East Africa in the context of test-and-treat.
  18. Comparative effectiveness of novel nonmonetary incentives to promote HIV testing.
  19. Bringing population mobility into focus to achieve HIV prevention goals.
  20. One step ahead: timing and sexual networks in population mobility and HIV prevention and care.
  21. Population mobility associated with higher risk sexual behaviour in eastern African communities participating in a Universal Testing and Treatment trial.
  22. Methods for sampling geographically mobile female traders in an East African market setting.
  23. Redemption of the "spoiled identity:" the role of HIV-positive individuals in HIV care cascade interventions.
  24. Understanding uptake of an intervention to accelerate antiretroviral therapy initiation in Uganda via qualitative inquiry.
  25. The missing 27.
  26. High Mobility and HIV Prevalence Among Female Market Traders in East Africa in 2014.
  27. Effects of a multicomponent intervention to streamline initiation of antiretroviral therapy in Africa: a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial.
  28. Geographical mobility and heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic.
  29. Strengthening universal HIV 'test-and-treat' approaches with social science research.
  30. Patient-reported factors associated with reengagement among HIV-infected patients disengaged from care in East Africa.
  31. "How can I tell?" Consequences of HIV status disclosure among couples in eastern African communities in the context of an ongoing HIV "test-and-treat" trial.
  32. Expectations about future health and longevity in Kenyan and Ugandan communities receiving a universal test-and-treat intervention in the SEARCH trial.
  33. Exploring critical questions for the implementation of "universal test and treat" approaches to HIV prevention and care.
  34. Men "missing" from population-based HIV testing: insights from qualitative research.
  35. Transactional Fish-for-Sex Relationships Amid Declining Fish Access in Kenya.
  36. Intimate partner violence and forced migration during pregnancy: Structural constraints to women's agency
  37. Natural Resources and Food Security: Fish-for-Sex Relationships Around Lake Victoria, Kenya.
  38. Evidence of injection drug use in Kisumu, Kenya: Implications for HIV prevention.
  39. Transactional Fish-for-Sex Relationships Amid Declining Fish Access in Kenya
  40. Texting improves testing: a randomized trial of two-way SMS to increase postpartum prevention of mother-to-child transmission retention and infant HIV testing.
  41. Developing content for a mHealth intervention to promote postpartum retention in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs and early infant diagnosis of HIV: a qualitative study.
  42. Gendered Patterns of Migration in Rural South Africa.
  43. Predictors of extra-marital partnerships among women married to fishermen along Lake Victoria in Kisumu County, Kenya.
  44. "She mixes her business": HIV transmission and acquisition risks among female migrants in western Kenya.
  45. Jaboya vs. jakambi: Status, negotiation, and HIV risks among female migrants in the "sex for fish" economy in Nyanza Province, Kenya.
  46. Short-term mobility and the risk of HIV infection among married couples in the fishing communities along Lake Victoria, Kenya.
  47. Nonatonic obstetric haemorrhage: effectiveness of the nonpneumatic antishock garment in egypt.
  48. The non-pneumatic anti-shock garment for postpartum haemorrhage in nigeria.
  49. Treating uterine atony with the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment in Egypt.
  50. Positive effects of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment on delays in accessing care for postpartum and postabortion hemorrhage in Egypt and Nigeria.
  51. Assessing the role of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment in reducing mortality from postpartum hemorrhage in Nigeria.
  52. Obstetric hemorrhage and shock management: using the low technology Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment in Nigerian and Egyptian tertiary care facilities.
  53. Can the Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) reduce adverse maternal outcomes from postpartum hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria.
  54. Gender, migration and HIV in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
  55. A comparative study of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment for the treatment of obstetric hemorrhage in Egypt.
  56. O614 Non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG) reduces extreme adverse outcomes from obstetric hemorrhage and shock in Egyptian hospitals.
  57. O641 Treatment with non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG) improves outcomes for women with PPH/uterine atony in Egyptian referral facilities.
  58. Parental investment, club membership, and youth sexual risk behavior in Cape Town.
  59. The Measure of Induced Abortion Levels in Mexico Using Random Response Technique.
  60. Fertility trend and pattern in a rural area of South Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS.
  61. Does knowing someone with AIDS affect condom use? An analysis from South Africa.
  62. Substance use and risky sexual behavior among homeless and runaway youth.