Willi McFarland

Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies (TAPS) [summary]

The Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies (TAPS) program trains scientists for academic and public health careers. TAPS has been in existence since 1989 and has trained nearly 100 scientists focusing on various aspects of HIV/AIDS prevention, both domestically and internationally. The graduates of the program hold positions at universities around the US, at the CDC, NIH, several foundations, and health departments in California and in San Francisco in particular.

CAPS/Fogarty International Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies (I-TAPS) [summary]

We sponsor four types of training: 1. An intensive eight-week course in designing and conducting AIDS prevention research In our prevention research course, trainees develop a study protocol for implementation in their home countries. Subsequently, we provide assistance to obtain funding to field these pilot studies, and provide continued technical assistance from a CAPS faculty mentor. 2.

HIV Transmission Cluster Analysis to Inform Prevention

This research will evaluate how high-risk clusters and current prevention strategies affect HIV transmission patterns. There are a number of potential drivers of the epidemic, including substance use, undiagnosed infections and high number of sexual partners. However, it still remains unclear which drivers contribute to the epidemic with HIV transmission as the biological outcome. The study aims to characterize HIV clusters and correlates associated with transmission.

Global AIDS Program

Since 2002, the Institute for Global Health (IGH) has helped CDC’s Global AIDS Program (GAP) to achieve its goals in GAP countries and regions. UCSF faculty and staff have provided technical assistance in several broad component areas including surveillance, monitoring and evaluation, technical and scientific writing, literature digests and reviews, and research design.

Understanding the HIV Risk and Protective Behaviors of Young Business Process Outsourcing Center Employees in the Philippines

This project focuses on the HIV prevention needs of young adults employed in business process outsourcing (BPO) centers in the Philippines. The BPO industry is projected to create 303,000 new jobs by 2010, with the total BPO workforce reaching 1.1 million in the Philippines. The overall goal of the proposed project is to utilize qualitative research methods to gain a better understanding of the complexity of sexual risk and protective behaviors of these young adults.

Efecto del tratamiento en la prevención

¿Qué efecto tiene el tratamiento en la prevención del VIH?

¿porqué tratamiento con prevención?

Tradicionalmente, los programas de prevención del VIH se han centrado en las personas no infectadas que corren riesgo de contraer el VIH, motivándolas a adoptar y mantener prácticas más seguras en las relaciones sexuales y en el consumo de drogas para que continúen sin infectarse. Se ha puesto menos atención a la prevención entre las personas ya infectadas, pues la prioridad de su atención médica ha sido mantener su salud frente a una enfermedad devastadora.

Effect of treatment on prevention

What is the effect of HIV treatment on HIV prevention?

revised 9/03

Why HIV treatment and prevention?

Traditionally, HIV prevention efforts have focused on uninfected persons at risk, encouraging them to adopt and maintain safer sex and drug-using behavior that would keep them uninfected. Less attention was paid to prevention among persons who were already infected, where the priority was maintaining their health in the face of a devastating disease. Providers and programs for prevention and care were distinct and separate.

Serosorting among Men at Risk for HIV

This study will obtain cross-sectional and longitudinal data on “HIV serosorting” among MSM in San Francisco. We broadly define HIV serosorting as diverse strategies to reduce HIV acquisition or transmission by intentionally selecting sexual partners of the same serostatus or by modifying sexual practices depending on the partner’s serostatus. We will recruit a community-based cohort of HIV- and HIV+ MSM using a probability-based time-location sampling method with longitudinal follow-up over the Internet.

International Travel Research to Inform Prevention (I-TRIP)

I-TRIP studies sexual risk behavior in the context of international travel among gay and bisexual men from the San Francisco Bay Area. The specific aims are: To measure the prevalence of sexual risk behavior during international travel among gay and bisexual men from the Bay Area. To document the prevalence of ART drug resistance among gay and bisexual international travelers from the Bay Area. To examine the informational, motivational and behavioral skills correlates of safer sex disinhibition during international travel.