This 5-year research program addresses a neglected topic of HIV prevention research: HIV risks to female migrants in sub-Saharan Africa.
En los EE.UU. existen más de 2 millones de personas adultas encarceladas y 4 millones más en libertad condicional. Las tasas de VIH son de 8 a 10 veces más altas para los encarcelados que para la población en general; las tasas de hepatitis C son de 9 a 10 veces más altas y las de enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS) entre hombres que recién ingresan a la cárcel alcanzan hasta un 35%.
There are more than two million adults incarcerated in the US and four million more on probation or parole. Rates of HIV are 8 to 10 times higher for incarcerated persons than for the general US population, hepatitis C rates are 9 to 10 times higher, and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates among men entering jails are as high as 35%. Because many prisoners are serving short sentences for parole violation, and return to prison is common, at-risk individuals move frequently between prisons and their home communities.
CAPS and Centerforce, a community-based organization that has been providing services to prisoners and their families for thirty years, have been collaborating since 1993 to design and evaluate HIV prevention interventions for incarcerated men and their female partners.
This study explores HIV risk among men who were released from prison within the last year and are currently on parole and the women who are in sexual relationships with them. Couples are recruited from community sites in Oakland, CA for participation in a quantitative survey. The couple comes to an appointment together and then each person is interviewed separately by a gender-matched interviewer.
Structural Ecosystems Therapy (SET) is an intervention designed to mobilize participants’ families and other ecosystem members (such as service providers) to support and motivate behavior change. In this study, the SET intervention was adapted with the goal of reducing HIV transmission risk behavior and increasing medical adherence among HIV+ men being released from prison.