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ICOHRTA Brazilian Scientists Program [summary]

This project is an extension of the International Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies Program (I-TAPS) through a partnership with the Centro de Estudos de AIDS do Rio Grande do Sul (CEARGS) in Porto Alegre, Brazil and with the Universidade Federale do Bahia (UFBA) in Salvador, and funded by the Fogarty International Center. It is aimed at training Brazilian scientists, as well as scientists from other lusophone countries, in AIDS prevention research, with a focus on epidemiological and behavioral studies. In-country training at CEARGS and UFBA are conducted in Portuguese.

CAPS/Fogarty International Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies (I-TAPS) [summary]

We sponsor four types of training: 1. An intensive eight-week course in designing and conducting AIDS prevention research In our prevention research course, trainees develop a study protocol for implementation in their home countries. Subsequently, we provide assistance to obtain funding to field these pilot studies, and provide continued technical assistance from a CAPS faculty mentor. 2.

Cambodian Young Women’s Health Study

This multidisciplinary study includes epidemiological research on prevalence and incidence of HIV, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and human papillomavirus (HPV), as well as rates of drug use including amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) among young women in Phnom Penh, Cambodia working in the sex and entertainment service sectors and who have multiple sexual partners. Medical anthropology and psychological experts will assess cultural mediators of risk and preventive behaviors, including uptake of HPV vaccine.

Hepatitis C (VHC)

¿Se puede prevenir la transmisión del hepatitis C (VHC)?

¿qué es la hepatitis “C” (VHC)?

En los EEUU, la hepatitis “C” es la enfermedad viral crónica sanguínea mas común y la mayor causante de las enfermedades hepáticas. Se transmite principalmente por contacto sanguíneo. La transmisión sexual del VHC es poco común. Se estima que cerca de 4 millones de personas en los EEUU están infectadas con VHC. Anualmente se registran 8,000-10,000 muertes relacionadas con las enfermedades hepáticas de VHC y se estima que se triplique durante los próximos 10 a 20 años.

Studying Youth in Northern California (SYNC)

Substance use among youth and young adults continues to pose a variety of public health challenges. Young people who use opiates (heroin) and methamphetamine are more likely to have high risk sexual and injection practices, as well as more likely to be HIV+. Drug use among youth may be associated with a variety of problems including family trauma, academic difficulties, mental and physical health problems, sexual abuse, incarceration, poor peer relationships and violence.

UFO Presents! A viral hepatitis prevention and education program for young adult IDUs

Young injection drug users (IDU) are at high risk for viral infections, such as HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV), due to frequent injecting, needle/syringe and other drug preparation equipment sharing, high numbers of sexual partners, and exchange of sex for money or drugs. Street youth who inject have high unemployment, poor education, and mental health issues. In San Francisco, young IDU are typically homeless runaways who often are involved in an illegal street economy, including prostitution, drug sales, theft, panhandling, pornography and selling stolen property.

Studying Youth in Northern California: The SYNC Project

Studying Youth in Northern California (SYNC) is a public health research study assessing narcotic and stimulant use among 14-25 year-olds in five Northern California counties with an emphasis on how such factors and forces place this population at risk for HIV and related health problems. The SYNC Study is a multidisciplinary collaboration of researchers and public health experts from SFSU, UCSF, & the counties of Alameda, Contra Costa, San Francisco, San Joaquin and San Mateo funded by the California Department of Health Services/Office of AIDS (CDHS/OA).

UFO Presents!

UFO Presents! is a CDC-funded program aimed at the meeting the broader needs of youth and young adults with injection risk. We will provide hepatitis prevention and care education, and develop and implement programmatic materials for hepatitis C virus (HCV) counseling and education.

The Acute UFO Study: Acute HCV Infection in Young Injectors

Young injection drug users (IDU) constitute a distinctive high risk and understudied group with high rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The Acute UFO study has identified 135 incident HCV infections, 95 of which are being followed prospectively. In this study we are: Studying the epidemiology of acute HCV infection. Assessing immunological responses to acute HCV (the spectrum of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses and evolution within CTL targets (“epitopes”) to identify early correlates of viral resolution.