Kelly Knight

Intervenciones estructurales

¿Qué papel juegan las intervenciones estructurales en la prevención del VIH?

¿qué son las intervenciones estructurales?

La mayoría de las intervenciones de prevención del VIH tratan con los individuos de a uno por uno. Aún cuando muchas obtienen excelentes resultados, requieren mucho tiempo del personal y benefician a un número limitado de personas. Además, los beneficiarios de las intervenciones pueden sentirse presionados por parte de sus pares (que no reciben las intervenciones) para continuar participando en actividades de alto riesgo.

Structural interventions

What is the role of structural interventions in HIV prevention?

What are structural interventions?

Most HIV prevention interventions deal with individuals, one by one. Many of these interventions have been very successful. However, they often require a lot of staff time and reach a limited number of persons. Furthermore, those who do receive interventions may face pressures to continue high-risk behaviors from their peers who do not receive the intervention.

Personas VIH+

¿Cuáles son las necesidades de prevención de la gente VIH+?

revisado 9/05

¿necesitan prevenir las personas VIH+?

Sí. Más de 1 millón de personas en los Estados Unidos tienen el VIH o el SIDA.1 Los avances en el diagnóstico oportuno, el tratamiento y la atención para individuos VIH+ ya permiten que muchos gocen de mejor salud y más años de vida.

HIV+ persons

What are HIV+ persons’ HIV prevention needs?

revised 9/05

do HIV+ persons need prevention?

Yes. Over 1 million persons in the US are living with HIV/AIDS.1 Advances in the early diagnosis, treatment and care of HIV+ persons have helped many people enjoy increased health and longer life. Some HIV+ persons have experienced a renewed interest in sexual or drug-using activity.

Prevention Strategies of HIV Positive Injection Drug Users (VENUS Study)

New HIV infections are decreasing among IDUs. This decrease has been related to the practice of injection risk reduction among IDUs such as the use of needle exchange programs where available. However, recent research has found that sexual risk behavior among IDUs may account for more new HIV infections than injection practices.2 We need to know more about the sexual practices of IDUs. To date, most HIV prevention efforts have focused on how HIV negative people can stay negative.

Collaborative Research to Prevent HIV among Prisoners and their Families

There are more than two million adults incarcerated in the US and four million more on probation or parole. Rates of HIV are 8 to 10 times higher for incarcerated persons than for the general US population, hepatitis C rates are 9 to 10 times higher, and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates among men entering jails are as high as 35%. Because many prisoners are serving short sentences for parole violation, and return to prison is common, at-risk individuals move frequently between prisons and their home communities.

Personas VIH+

Más de 1 millón de personas en los Estados Unidos tienen el VIH o el SIDA. Los avances en el diagnóstico oportuno, el tratamiento y la atención para individuos VIH+ ya permiten que muchos gocen de mejor salud y más años de vida. Algunos han renovado su interés por la actividad sexual o por el consumo de drogas, lo cual aumenta su riesgo de adquirir otras ITS y de trasmitir el VIH a sus parejas no infectadas.2 Por ello, muchas personas VIH+ requieren programas que les ayuden a mantenerse protegidas.

HIV+ persons

Over 1 million persons in the US are living with HIV/AIDS. Advances in the early diagnosis, treatment and care of HIV+ persons have helped many people enjoy increased health and longer life. Some HIV+ persons have experienced a renewed interest in sexual or drug-using activity. This can place them at risk for acquiring additional STD infections and for transmitting HIV to their uninfected partners. Many HIV+ persons, therefore, require programs to help them stay safe. Most HIV+ persons are concerned about not infecting others and make efforts to prevent transmission.