Cynthia Gómez

Married & Unmarried Latinos

The questionnaires for unmarried Latino women and men were used in a random digit dial telephone survey of 1500 Latinos in ten states in the U.S. These states contain 90% of all Latinos living in the continental U.S. The survey was designed to assess risk for HIV due to sexual behaviors as well as the variables that might predict sexual behaviors such as condom use. The potential predictors measured include homophobia, self-efficacy to use condoms, sexual comfort, sexual coercion, and traditional gender role beliefs.

Hispanic Condom Use Study: Description and Explanation of Questionnaire


The survey instrument was based on more than 100 open- ended interview and 2 focus groups with Hispanics in San Francisco, held to identify Hispanic men's perceptions of the consequences of condom use with primary and secondary sexual partners, difficulties with condom use, and normative aspects of condom use. The instrument was developed originally in Spanish and a back-translation procedure was used to assure that the English version was equivalent in meaning. Both the Spanish and English versions were pretested with at least 20 persons.


El VIH sigue siendo una gran amenaza para la salud de los latinoamericanos en EEUU. Muchos de ellos se encuentran en desventaja debido al racismo, a las desigualdades económicas y a barreras lingüísticas. En EE.UU., los latinos (incluyendo los habitantes de Puerto Rico) se ven desproporcionadamente afectados por el VIH, ya que representan el 18% de todos los casos de SIDA aún cuando sólo son el 14% de la población. En el año 2001, la mayoría de los casos de SIDA entre latinos en EE.UU. la componían personas nacidas en la parte continental de EE.UU.


What Are U.S. Latinos’ HIV Prevention Needs?

revised 4/02

Are Latinos at risk for HIV?

HIV continues to be a major health threat for Latinos in the US, many of whom are disadvantaged due to racism, economic disparities and language barriers.

Prevention Strategies of HIV Positive Injection Drug Users (VENUS Study)

New HIV infections are decreasing among IDUs. This decrease has been related to the practice of injection risk reduction among IDUs such as the use of needle exchange programs where available. However, recent research has found that sexual risk behavior among IDUs may account for more new HIV infections than injection practices.2 We need to know more about the sexual practices of IDUs. To date, most HIV prevention efforts have focused on how HIV negative people can stay negative.