Carol Dawson-Rose

Rapid HIV Testing in Labor and Delivery in California

This three-year capacity building project targets labor and delivery departments in 120 California hospitals to implement HIV rapid testing with women presenting in labor with no previous documented HIV test or prenatal care. These women may be the hardest-to-reach populations who prefer to avoid contact with the health care system, such as migrant women, undocumented women, drug-addicted women, women who engage in sex work, and women with a child protective services history.

Establecimientos de salud

¿Cómo puede integrarse la prevención del VIH en los establecimientos de atención de salud?

¿Por qué es importante la prevención de la infección por el VIH en los establecimientos de atención de salud?

La prevención de la infección por el VIH es una parte importante de la atención de la salud de todas las personas. Reviste particular importancia para las personas expuestas al riesgo de infección, así como para las ya infectadas, que pueden evitar la transmisión del virus a otras y mantenerse sanas.

Health care settings

How can HIV prevention be integrated into health care settings?

Why is HIV prevention important in health care settings?

HIV prevention is an important part of health care for all individuals. It is particularly key for those at risk of becoming infected, as well as for those who are already infected, who can then avoid transmitting HIV to others and stay healthy themselves.

Personas VIH+

¿Cuáles son las necesidades de prevención de la gente VIH+?

revisado 9/05

¿necesitan prevenir las personas VIH+?

Sí. Más de 1 millón de personas en los Estados Unidos tienen el VIH o el SIDA.1 Los avances en el diagnóstico oportuno, el tratamiento y la atención para individuos VIH+ ya permiten que muchos gocen de mejor salud y más años de vida.

Prevention in health care settings

How can HIV prevention be integrated into health care settings?

Prepared by Carol Dawson-Rose RN PhD, Janet Myers PhD MPH, and Karen McCready MA; CAPS Fact Sheet 68, July 2010

Why is HIV prevention important in health care settings?

HIV prevention is an important part of health care for all individuals. It is particularly key for those at risk of becoming infected, as well as for those who are already infected, who can then avoid transmitting HIV to others and stay healthy themselves.

HIV+ persons

What are HIV+ persons’ HIV prevention needs?

revised 9/05

do HIV+ persons need prevention?

Yes. Over 1 million persons in the US are living with HIV/AIDS.1 Advances in the early diagnosis, treatment and care of HIV+ persons have helped many people enjoy increased health and longer life. Some HIV+ persons have experienced a renewed interest in sexual or drug-using activity.

Prevention Strategies of HIV Positive Injection Drug Users (VENUS Study)

New HIV infections are decreasing among IDUs. This decrease has been related to the practice of injection risk reduction among IDUs such as the use of needle exchange programs where available. However, recent research has found that sexual risk behavior among IDUs may account for more new HIV infections than injection practices.2 We need to know more about the sexual practices of IDUs. To date, most HIV prevention efforts have focused on how HIV negative people can stay negative.

Impact of a Computer-Assisted SBIRT Program in an HIV Care Setting

Drug and alcohol use is not always addressed with patients in medical care settings, including HIV primary care settings. The screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) strategy has demonstrated an effective model to introduce screening for substance use, and standardized guidelines in a number of clinical populations, but SBIRT for drug and alcohol use has not been tested in an HIV primary care setting. This is remarkable because several studies suggest that HIV+ and at-risk individuals have high rates of substance use.