Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT)
In 2012, there were 2.3 million new HIV infections globally. A large proportion of people newly diagnosed with HIV worldwide are in their reproductive years and these men and women are likely to want children in the future. Addressing the sexual and reproductive health and rights of this population is critical to addressing the spread of HIV because HIV infection in childbearing women is the main cause of HIV infection in children. Treatment for those who are already infected is also central to stopping the spread of HIV to infants and to uninfected sexual partners.