Formative Study of the Role of Gender, Ethnicity and Sexual Orientation in the Provision of Prevention Counseling with HIV+ Patients
We will conduct formative research to inform the design of a discrete choice experiment (DCE) that will quantitatively assess the relative importance of gender, ethnicity and sexual orientation in providers’ decisions to provide Prevention with Positives (PWP) counseling. In the DCE, providers will be presented a variety of scenarios in which factors that impact provision of PWP counseling are varied. Information from their responses will be used to quantitatively assess the relative impact of each of the factors included in the scenarios on providers’ decisions to provide PWP counseling. This study involves three critical steps:
- To develop preliminary versions of the questions to be used in clinical scenarios that involve decisions to offer HIV prevention counseling to an HIV+ patient.
- To pilot test the preliminary questions and scenarios with a sample of 20 providers of HIV care in order to finalize the language used in the scenarios.
- To obtain preliminary information from the 20 provider interviews on responses to DCE scenarios in order to estimate the number of scenarios and participants required.