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HIV+ persons

What are HIV+ persons’ HIV prevention needs? revised 9/05 do HIV+ persons need prevention? Yes. Over 1 million persons in the US are living with HIV/AIDS.1 Advances in the early diagnosis, treatment and care of HIV+ persons have helped many people enjoy increased health and longer life. Some HIV+ persons have experienced a renewed interest in sexual or drug-using activity.

HIV+ persons

Over 1 million persons in the US are living with HIV/AIDS. Advances in the early diagnosis, treatment and care of HIV+ persons have helped many people enjoy increased health and longer life. Some HIV+ persons have experienced a renewed interest in sexual or drug-using activity. This can place them at risk for acquiring additional STD infections and for transmitting HIV to their uninfected partners. Many HIV+ persons, therefore, require programs to help them stay safe.

Homeless persons

What are homeless persons’ HIV prevention needs? revised 9/05 who are the homeless? Homelessness is a growing problem in the US.1 It is estimated that on any given day there are more than 800,000 homeless individuals in the US, while over the course of a year there are 2.3 to 3.5 million individuals who experience a period of homelessness.2 In the 2004 Mayors’ report on homelessness 70% of cities surveyed registered an increase in the number

Informal caregivers

Are Informal Caregivers Important in AIDS Care? What do caregivers do? Informal caregivers of people with AIDS (PWAs) provide practical help and nursing care at home. They are often the lovers, spouses, friends, or family of someone with AIDS and are not professional care providers. The service they provide is essential to the scope of AIDS care services and saves society great expense.

Ley penal

¿Hay un papel para la ley penal dentro de la prevención del VIH? ¿por qué una ley penal? Durante el transcurso de la epidemia del SIDA en EE.UU., se ha debatido constantemente la necesidad de leyes que castiguen a individuos que se saben VIH+ y exponen a otra persona al VIH (llamado a veces exposición intencional al VIH o con conocimiento). Gran parte del debate se ha polarizado entre la criminalización de toda exposición al VIH y ninguna criminalización.

Notificación de parejas

¿Qué papel juegan los servicios de notificación de parejas en la prevención del VIH? ¿por qué la notificación de parejas? A más de 20 años del inicio de la epidemia y a pesar de los avances en conocimiento, tratamiento, y aceptación del VIH, la experiencia de recibir un diagnóstico VIH+ aún puede resultar traumática. La gente VIH+ debe asimilar la realidad de su propia infección al tiempo de preocuparse por la posible infección de parejas pasadas y futuras.

Personas VIH+

Más de 1 millón de personas en los Estados Unidos tienen el VIH o el SIDA. Los avances en el diagnóstico oportuno, el tratamiento y la atención para individuos VIH+ ya permiten que muchos gocen de mejor salud y más años de vida.

Criminalization

Is there a role for criminal law in HIV prevention? why criminal law for HIV exposure? Throughout the AIDS epidemic in the US, there has been repeated debate over the need for laws that punish individuals who know they are HIV+ and expose another person to HIV (sometimes referred to as intentional or knowing HIV exposure). Much of this debate has been at the extremes – criminalization of all HIV exposures or none at all.

Prueba rápida

¿Cómo se aplica la prueba rápida en la prevención del VIH? ¿por qué se recomienda la prueba rápida? Se calcula que el 25% de todas las personas VIH+ en EE.UU. ignoran que están infectadas. La clave para prevenir el VIH es hacerse una prueba de anticuerpos del VIH y enterarse si uno está infectado o no.

Prueba rápida a la frontera

¿Cuál es el papel de las pruebas rápidas para la frontera EE.UU.- México y las poblaciones migrantes? ¿por qué hacer pruebas del VIH? Hasta hace poco, las tasas de infección por VIH en México y entre los migrantes mexicanos en California parecían estables y relativamente bajas.

Rapid testing

How is rapid testing used in HIV prevention? why rapid testing? It is estimated that 25% of all HIV+ persons in the US do not know they’re infected.1 Taking an HIV antibody test and knowing one’s HIV status are key to preventing the spread of HIV. Many persons who test HIV+ can access counseling, prevention education, support services and medical care to stay healthy and not progress to AIDS. HIV- persons can access counseling and education to remain HIV-.

Rapid testing at the US/Mexico border

What is the role of rapid testing for US-Mexico border and migrant populations? why test for HIV? Until recently, HIV rates in Mexico and among Mexican migrants in California appeared to be stable and relatively low; however, recent studies show that HIV may be expanding more aggressively in some populations, especially in border communities.1 One study of 374 young Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) in the San Diego/Tijuana region found high rates of HIV: 1

Condoms

What is the role of male condoms in HIV prevention? revised 01/05

Condones

¿Cuál es el papel de los condones masculinos en la prevención del VIH? revisado 5/05 ¿funcionan los condones? Sí.

Hombres negros

¿Qué necesitan los hombres negros para evitar el VIH? ¿quiénes son los hombres negros? Los hombres negros y los afroamericanos no se pueden encasillar en una sola categoría “unitalla”. Ellos son padres, hermanos, tíos e hijos en las comunidades negras. Son médicos, abogados, barberos y conductores de autobuses; son cristianos y musulmanes y hablan muchos idiomas. Sin embargo, no toda persona de aspecto negro o afroamericano se identifica con estas etiquetas.

HOME (Prevention for Women with Incarcerated Partners)

Please see the Science-to-Community Report on HOME. Women with incarcerated partners are at particular risk for HIV infection. Their partners are over five times more likely than men in the general population to be HIV+. Incarcerated men also have a high incidence of injection drug use.

Collaborative Research to Prevent HIV among Prisoners and their Families

There are more than two million adults incarcerated in the US and four million more on probation or parole. Rates of HIV are 8 to 10 times higher for incarcerated persons than for the general US population, hepatitis C rates are 9 to 10 times higher, and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates among men entering jails are as high as 35%.

Investigación Conjunta para la Prevención del VIH con Poblaciones Encarceladas y sus Familias

En los EE.UU. existen más de 2 millones de personas adultas encarceladas y 4 millones más en libertad condicional. Las tasas de VIH son de 8 a 10 veces más altas para los encarcelados que para la población en general; las tasas de hepatitis C son de 9 a 10 veces más altas y las de enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS) entre hombres que recién ingresan a la cárcel alcanzan hasta un 35%.

Black men

Black and African American men cannot be lumped into a one-size-fits-all category. They are the fathers, brothers, uncles and sons in Black communities. They are doctors and lawyers, barbers and bus drivers; they are Christians and Muslims and speak many languages. However, not every person who looks Black or African American will identify with these labels.

Club drugs

How do club drugs impact HIV prevention? What are club drugs? Club drugs are illegal drugs that are often, although not exclusively, used at dance clubs, raves and circuit parties. Drugs often referred to as club drugs include: MDMA (ecstasy), methamphetamine (crystal meth, speed), GHB (liquid X), Ketamine (special K) and less often, Viagra and amyl nitrites (poppers)1. These drugs also are often used outside of clubs and parties.